Genetic Improvement of Growth Traits, Disease Resistance and Docility of Four Strains of Local Guinea Fowl in Ghana

INTRODUCTION

•Domestic Guinea fowl (Numida meleagris)
•Originated from Africa ((Ferguson, 2008; Annor et al., 2013).
•Reared in Europe, specifically France, Hungary, Poland, Belgium and Russia, Asia, and Latin and North America (Annor et al., 2013).
•In Ghana, Guinea fowls are found mostly in the northern savanna regions
 
•Importance
 Income and protein, low cholesterol levels, higher yield of edible meat  compared to chicken   (Dubiec and Zagalska-Neubauer, 2006).
Both the eggs and meat are delicacies.
longer storage and easier handling of eggs with less breakage (Dei et al., 2004).
 
•Importance
Cultural purposes - funeral celebrations, sacrifices, as a token for settling disputes and welcoming mother-in- laws (Annor et al., 2013).
Guinea fowl production is lucrative because there is high demand for both the meat and the eggs.
•Problem statement and justification

Poor growth performance, disease resistance and docility of local Guinea fowl (Annor et al., 2013).

This can be attributed to

extensive production system
poor feeding, health care and management practices
the use of unimproved breeds of birds (Dougnon et al., 2012).
 
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Thesis
Stage: 
Unpublished